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The Rationale for the Study
The rationale for the study is to provide diaspora organisations, as well as national and local governments in Africa and Europe with a better understanding of the engagement of diaspora organisations in development. In this regard, the study identifies good practices on which future actions and policies at the sub-national, national and European levels can build. This is achieved by analysing definitions of diaspora organisations and their role in development processes, developing a typology of diaspora organisations,3 and identifying and analysing the challenges in involving diaspora organisations in development policy-making and practice.
Scope of the study
In this study, two broader categories are adopted to differentiate African diaspora organisations working in integration activities in host countries from those involved in tangible development practices in homelands. The focus of the study is therefore on African diaspora organisations involved in tangible co-development projects, whether community development, private sector promotion or other productive activities, in their respective countries of origin as well as in their countries of residence.
A combination of methods was used in gathering the empirical data for this report to achieve both depth and breadth. The information was collected through desk research, in-depth interviews and questionnaires sent to multipliers and experts in the 29 countries targeted in the study. The data from these were also used to map out African diaspora organisations currently working in the field of migration and development, the areas of their projects and nature and patterns of their operations. The data-gathering process for each thematic area was guided by the following specific question